"Addressing alcohol and drug related issues: reducing harm and supporting positive change"
Key Information

 

news

Valium (Diazepam)

DiazepamDiazepam is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Diazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety.

SCIENTIFIC TERM:

Valium

STREET NAMES:

Moggies, Vallies, Jellies, Eggs, blues, yellows, nicknames based around brand names

EFFECTS:

Users will feel relaxed and often drowsy.  They will experience a reduction in stress/anxiety and will often become forgetful, clumsy and confused.

DRUG FORM & METHOD OF USE:

Usually oral use, sometimes injected. Benzodiazepines usually come as a tablet or capsule that is swallowed. They are the most commonly prescribed drugs and include well-known names such as Valium, Ativan and Temazepam. They are prescribed to twice as many women as men. Street use has grown with people taking tablets sometimes in combination with other drugs. Some people began injecting Temazepam as a substitute for Heroin.

HEALTH RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance:

Long-term use can result in users suffering from depression.  There is also a significant risk of overdose if benzodiazepines are mixed with other depressant drugs (e.g. heroin or alcohol). If these drugs are used over an extended period (several months) they cease to be effective at promoting sleep and reducing anxiety and may then cause insomnia, anxiety, tremors and even convulsions. If benzodiazepines are injected, the tablets are usually crushed first and then made into a solution.  Some will not dissolve easily and there can be an increased risk of injection site injuries such as abscesses. Tolerance develops fairly rapidly and withdrawal from benzodiazepines should only be done under medical supervision as severe benzodiazepine withdrawal can be dangerous/fatal. 

LAW:

Most benzodiazepines are class ‘C’ drugs which it is not an offence to possess. Temazepam however has been reclassified as a Schedule 3 drug under the Misuse of Drugs Regulations and it is an offence to possess it unless it has been prescribed for you.

  1. Diazepam is used to relieve anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures and to control agitation caused by Alcohol withdrawal.
  2. Diazepam has been one of the most frequently prescribed medications in the world for the past 40 years.
  3. It is two and a half times more potent than its predecessor, Chlordiazepoxide, which it quickly surpassed in terms of sales.
  4. Diazepam can absorb into plastic, and therefore Diazepam solution is not stored in plastic bottles or syringes etc.
  5. Diazepam can lead to drug abuse and psychological dependence/drug addiction.
  6. Diazepam is being used as a Heroin substitute, and often taken alongside Alcohol and Methadone to ease the comedown from Cocaine.
  7. The drug is also highly addictive, and withdrawal can take months.
  8. Diazepam is highly addictive, withdrawals can be life-threatening and, as with Heroin, there is a high risk of overdose if mixed with Alcohol.
  9. Diazepam was launched by Swiss pharmaceutical company Hoffmann-La Roche in 1963 and was once one of the world's most widely prescribed drugs.
  10. Counterfeit Diazepam comes with unpredictable quality and strength.
ASCERT
23 Bridge Street,
Lisburn
Co. Antrim
BT28 1XZ

Tel: 0800 2545 123
Fax: 028 9260 3874
Email: info@ascert.biz
Charity Number: NIC101239