"reducing alcohol and drug related harm in our communities"
Key Information

 

news

PMA

PMASCIENTIFIC TERM:

Paramethoxyamphetamine.

STREET NAMES:

Chicken Yellow, Chicken Fever, Double Stacked, Mitsubishi Turbo, Red Mitsubishi, killer

EFFECTS:

Doses of less than 50 milligrams (usually one pill) causes symptoms like Ecstasy; increased breathing, body temperature, pulse rate and blood pressure, erratic eye movements, muscle spasms, nausea and heightened visual stimulation. Dosages over 60-80 mg (lower than those used regularly for Ecstasy) are considered potentially lethal. They can cause cardiac arrhythmia and arrest, breathing problems, pulmonary congestion, kidney failure, hypothermia, vomiting, convulsions, coma and death.

DRUG  FORM AND METHOD OF USE:

PMA is usually a white pressed tablet. They're often underscored, 7mm in diameter and 6mm thick. They weigh about 230mg. Unusually thick compared to ecstasy; they've been nicknamed 'double stacked'. Like ecstasy, PMA is swallowed.  Not enough is known about the purity of PMA. If it's being sold as Ecstasy it's likely the pills are being cut with cheaper ingredients like Amphetamine (i.e. Speed), Caffeine and Starch. PMA is much stronger than Ecstasy and may be mixed with It.

HEALTH  RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance

As little as a quarter of a tablet (60mg) is enough to significantly increase blood pressure, body temperature and pulse rates.  PMA can cause muscle spasms and lots of people feel very sick after taking it.  The long term risks associated with PMA have yet to be studied but they're likely to be similar to Ecstasy.   PMA is stronger than Ecstasy so the risk of overheating is greater.  PMA affects the body's temperature control. Dancing for long periods in a hot atmosphere increases the chances of overheating and dehydration. Take regular breaks to cool down.   People can get so out of their faces they don't realise they're in danger of overheating or dehydration.  Drinking too much water can also be dangerous or even fatal. PMA can cause the body to release a hormone which suppresses the production of urine. This means that if you drink a few pints of liquid too quickly, water builds up in the body and interferes with your body's salt balance. This can directly affect the brain and this can be as deadly as not drinking enough water. Anyone using too much can get paranoid and depressed.   Some long-term users report getting colds, flu and sore throats more often.  PMA is not particularly addictive but it’s possible to build up a tolerance (which means people need to take more PMA tabs to get the same level of buzz). Some psychological dependence can probably develop (with an increased desire to keep taking the drug even in spite of its potential harm).

LAW:

PMA and PMMA are both Class A drugs - illegal to have, give away or sell. Possession can get you up to seven years in jail. Supplying someone else, including your friends, can get you a life sentence and an unlimited fine. Some countries may even refuse visas to people with drug convictions.

  1. Doses of less than 50 milligrams (usually one pill) causes symptoms like Ecstasy.
  2. Dosages over 60-80 mg (lower than those used regularly for Ecstasy) are considered potentially lethal.
  3. PMA is far more dangerous than ecstasy.
  4. Combining PMA with other drugs, alcohol, or caffeine increases the risk of overdose.
  5. PMA first came into circulation in the early 1970s, where it was used intentionally as a recreational drug as a substitute for the hallucinogenic properties of LSD.
  6. PMA elevates body temperatures dramatically.
  7. PMA overdose can be a serious medical emergency which may occur at only slightly above the usual recreational dose range, especially if PMA is mixed with other stimulant drugs such as cocaine or Ecstasy.
  8. At lower doses (less that 50mg, depending on body weight) PMA produces an increase in energy, minor visual hallucinations, and a mild euphoric state. At slightly higher doses it (suddenly) increases heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature to dangerously high levels that can lead to convulsions, coma and death. A person who has ingested a high enough dose of PMA has difficulty breathing, develops muscle spasms and nausea, and starts vomiting.
  9. The initial effects of a low dose of PMA might feel a little bit like MDMA, but PMA takes more than half an hour longer to come on. This may cause some people to take another pill thinking that they got "weak Ecstasy." By this time the person may have taken a lethal dose.
  10. Since PMA has a slow onset of effects, several deaths have occurred where individuals have taken a pill containing PMA, followed by a pill containing MDMA some time afterwards due to thinking that the first pill was not active.
ASCERT
23 Bridge Street,
Lisburn
Co. Antrim
BT28 1XZ

Tel: 0800 2545 123
Fax: 028 9260 3874
Email: info@ascert.biz
Charity Number: NIC101239