"reducing alcohol and drug related harm in our communities"
Key Information

 

news

Klonopin (Clonazepam)

ClonazepamSCIENTIFIC TERM:

Chlonazepam; Clonazepamum

STREET NAMES:

Clons, K-pins, Pins, Super Valium

EFFECTS:

Clonazepam is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines, It affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety.  Clonazepam is used to treat seizure disorders or panic disorder.   Clonazepam is sometimes used for refractory epilepsies; however, long-term prophylactic treatment of epilepsy has considerable limitations, the most notable ones being the loss of antiepileptic effects due to tolerance, which renders the drug useless with long-term use, and side-effects such as sedation, which is why Clonazepam and benzodiazepines as a class should, in general, be prescribed only for the acute management of epilepsies. Clonazepam is used alone or in combination with other medications to control certain types of seizures. It is also used to relieve panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks).   It works by decreasing abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

DRUG FORM & METHOD OF USE:

Clonazepzam comes as a tablet and an orally disintegrating tablet (tablet that dissolves quickly in the mouth) to take by mouth. It usually is taken one to three times a day with or without food.

HEALTH RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance:

If Clonazepam is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered.  Side effects include: depression, dizziness, fatigue, flu, inflamed sinuses or nasal passages, lack of coordination, memory problems, menstrual problems, nervousness, sleepiness, upper respiratory tract infection.   Clonazepam can also cause aggressive behaviour, agitation, anxiety, excitability, hostility, irritability, nervousness, nightmares, sleep disturbances, and vivid dreams.  Clonazepam may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Clonazepam should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction.

LAW:

Clonazepam can only be prescribed by a doctor.

  1. Clonazepam belongs to the drug group known as benzodiazepines.
  2. Like other Benzodiazepines, Clonazepam is believed to act by simulating the action of GABA (The GABA receptors are a class of receptors that respond to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid) on the central nervous system.
  3. Clonazepam works by enhancing the effects of the neurotransmitter.
  4. Clonazepam has a half life of approximately six hours, which is the time it takes for your body to metabolize and excrete the medication or drug from your body.
  5. One milligram of Clonazepam is approximately equivalent to twenty milligrams of diazepam.
  6. Because of its powerful anxiolytic properties, it is said to be among the class of "highly potent" benzodiazepines
  7. Doctors typically prescribe Clonazepam to either help treat seizure disorders like epilepsy or to eliminate panic attacks and anxiety. The main ingredient in Clonazepam reacts to your brain and all of your nerves the same way, since these are all part of your central nervous system. The medication has a calming effect on your nerves, relaxing the nervous centres of your brain that cause seizures.
  8. Abruptly stopping Clonezapam could increase the number of seizures a person can experience or make panic attacks worse.
  9. The drug is also abused recreationally.
  10. Stevie Nicks of Fleetwood Mac was addicted to Clonezapam (Klonopin).
ASCERT
23 Bridge Street,
Lisburn
Co. Antrim
BT28 1XZ

Tel: 0800 2545 123
Fax: 028 9260 3874
Email: info@ascert.biz
Charity Number: NIC101239