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Kanna

SCIENTIFIC TERM:

Sceletium Tortuosum

STREET NAMES:

Canna, Channa, Kaugoed

EFFECTS:

Kanna  has effects that reportedly include the elevation of mood and a decrease in anxiety, stress and tension. Sceletium tortuosum enhances mood and a sense of connection, while relieving anxious feelings. In higher dosages it can cause euphoria, initially with stimulation and later with relaxation. Some users have noted enhanced tactile and sexual response.

DRUG FORM & METHOD OF USE:

It is traditionally dried, and chewed, but can also be smoked or made into teas or tinctures.  The different methods of ingestion seem to provide varying effects. For example, insuffulation has reportedly caused euphoria, stimulation, increase in general well being with doses of 50-200mg. If it''s put into a smoking blend, it can reportedly act as a sedative, with a general increase in general well being while using about 100-250mg. Then, if it''s chewed, it seems to have a mix of the above effects, and can last about 1 hour.

HEALTH RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance:

In intoxicating doses it can cause euphoria, initially with stimulation and later with sedation. Kanna is not hallucinogenic and no severe adverse effects have been reported.   Tolerance to Kanna can build up if used on a regular basis.

Law:

Kanna is legal to possess in the UK.

  1. Kanna has been used by South African pastoralists and hunter-gatherers as a mood-altering substance since prehistoric times. The earliest written records of the use of the Kanna plant date back to 1662.
  2. Kanna was an item of barter in the time of Jan van Riebeck, and there is documentation of trade from the Castle in Cape Town, South Africa. The traditionally prepared dried Sceletium was often chewed as a quid after fermenting it, but it has also been made into teas and tinctures. Less commonly, it has been reported that Sceletium Tortuosum used to be inhaled as a snuff, or smoked with the addition of other herbs.
  3. Kanna elevates mood and decreases anxiety, stress and tension, and it has also been used as an appetite suppressant by shepherds walking long distances in arid areas. In intoxicating doses it can cause euphoria, initially with stimulation and later with sedation. Long-term use in the local context followed by abstinence has not been reported to result in a withdrawal state. The plant is not hallucinogenic, and no severe adverse effects have ever been documented.
  4. Kanna, or Sceletium Toruosom, is a herbaceous plant native to South Africa. Kanna has been used by the San (South African Bushmen) as a magical plant teacher in ceremonies and for purposes of rain making, divination, healing, and communal trance dancing.
  5. Kanna has the effect of relieving anxiety and stress at lower doses. At higher doses, it is an empathogen and euphoriant. Kanna can also act as an appetite suppressant. It is traditionally dried and chewed, but can also be smoked or made into teas or tinctures.
  6. The alkaloids contained in Kanna include Mesembrine, which has ancedotally been reported to possibly be a potent selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) with very strong antidepressant effects. Although we make no claims to any medical value of Kanna, and Kanna is certainly not intended to diagnose, treat, or prevent any disease, it does appear as though it may at least act in a manner similar to many common antidepressant medications available through pharmaceutical companies at this time.
  7. SSRIs, such as the mesembrine in Kanna, block the re-uptake of serotonin into the neuron, meaning that serotonin molecules are present in the synapse for longer and therefore are able to signal the brain to produce even more serotonin, leading to elevated mood and increased mental health in many people.
  8. Sceletium Tortuosum enhances mood and a sense of connection, while relieving anxious feelings. In higher dosages it can cause euphoria, initially with stimulation and later with relaxation. Some users have noted enhanced tactile and sexual response.
  9. Many of Kanna's compounds are also believed to act as Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitors. Compounds in this class can enhance mental clarity, decrease symptoms of anxiety and even treat episodes of psychosis. Both the San tribespeople and Western herbalists have compared Kanna's effects to meditation, as it creates a state of relaxation while also improving mental focus. In today's busy world, few of us are able to find sufficient time for meditation, but kanna can provide similar effects for soothing the mind, body and spirit.
  10. In moderate doses, Kanna does not impair a person's judgment or mental focus, it is actually reputed to enhance brain function. Because Kanna can help to decrease symptoms of anxiety and enable emotional insight, some herbalists are concerned that it could develop a reputation as a recreational drug. However, unlike recreational drugs, Kanna is not believed to result in addiction, impaired judgment, or sedation. Even in large amounts, Kanna is not hallucinogenic or otherwise intoxicating.
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