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Energy 1 (Naphyrone)

SCIENTIFIC TERM:

Napthylpyrovalerone

STREET NAMES:

NRG-1, Energy1

EFFECTS:

Naphyrone has a chemical structure which is closely related to other 'cathinone derivatives'. Therefore it may be assumed that it would share the same effects as other cathinones.  Effects of cathinones are euphoria, talkativeness, alertness and feelings of empathy.

DRUG FORM & METHOD OF USE:

Naphyrone, a white crystalline powder often sold under brand names like NRG-1 and Energy1, is a stimulant drug with effects similar to recently controlled drugs like mephedrone. This drug is chemically related to Pyrovalerone which used to be prescribed to treat lethargy and fatigue, but was discontinued because of concerns over potential for misuse.  The drug is consumed either by sniffing the powder or swallowing it wrapped in a cigarette paper, a technique known as ‘bombing’.

HEALTH RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance:

The drug is more toxic than chemically similar drugs like mephedrone – in other words, a user could overdose on this drug more easily. This appears to be recognised by some sellers who recommend users take far smaller doses than when using say mephedrone or ecstasy.  As with all drugs of this sort, the main health risks are associated with the heart and its associated systems. Users also run the risk of amphetamine-like psychosis and dependence. On internet sites where users exchange information on drug effects, there have been warnings about psychosis, the length of time for effects to wear off and the general risks for users in thinking this drug is just like mephedrone when in fact the effects are more acute.  Head shops and online legal high sellers often claim that Naphyrone is the main ingredient in products labelled as NRG1 – one of the first ‘legal highs’ to be marketed as a ‘new legal alternative to Mephedrone. However, separate tests of NRG1 products carried out by police, academics and drug user forums in summer 2010 found that the majority of NRG1 batches actually contained a series of recently banned Class B drugs including Mephedrone and MDPV.

LAW:

On 7 July 2010, the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) recommended that the government should control Naphyrone as a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drug Act, in line with mephedrone and similar stimulant drugs including amphetamine.  On 23 July 2010, legislation was passed in parliament that made Naphyrone a Class B drug in line with the ACMD's recommendation. As a result, maximum penalties for possession are 5 years imprisonment plus a fine and for supply are 14 years imprisonment and a fine.

  1. Naphyrone has been marketed under false claims that it is 'plant food', 'pond cleaner' etc in order to circumvent various controls on medicines.
  2. The drug is consumed either by sniffing the powder or swallowing it wrapped in a cigarette paper, a technique known as ‘bombing’.
  3. Head shops and online legal high sellers often claim that Naphyrone is the main ingredient in products labelled as NRG1 – one of the first ‘legal highs’ to be marketed as a ‘new legal alternative’ to Mephedrone.
  4. Naphyrone does not have a long history of use, so there is little evidence of its long term effects or on the risks from using it. Likely dangers associated with Naphyrone are becoming clearer as more reports emerge.
  5. Naphyrone is a stimulant drug closely related to the chemical family of the ‘Cathinones’ group of drugs including Mephedrone.  Cathinones are ‘cousins’ of the family of Amphetamine compounds which include Amphetamine itself (Speed), Methamphetamine and Ecstasy (MDMA), among many others.
  6. Naphyrone is similar to Mephedrone in that it is a Cathinone derivative and belongs to a group of drugs similar in effect to drugs with Amphetamine compounds.
  7. Naphyrone is 13 times stronger than coke and even more addictive than Heroin.
  8. Naphyrone users can stay awake for three days at a time and experience paranoia and suicidal tendencies.  They could also face permanent memory loss.
  9. Naphyrone is a stimulant drug closely related to ‘Cathinone derivatives’ including Mephedrone, a group of drugs that are ‘cousins’ of the family of Amphetamine compounds which include Amphetamine itself (Speed), Methamphetamine and Ecstasy (MDMA), among many others.
  10. Naphyrone has a chemical structure which is closely related to other 'Cathinone derivatives'.
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