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Ecstasy

ecstasySCIENTIFIC TERM:

Pure Ecstasy is Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). 

STREET NAMES:

E, XTC, Doves, Rhubarb & Custard, Snowballs, Brownies, Mandy, Mitsubishis, Rolexs, Dolphins, Crystal, Cowies

EFFECTS:

The effects start after approx 20min and can last for hours. Ecstasy is a stimulant with hallucinogenic properties. Taking it results in a ‘rush’ followed by a sense of calm. Users report feelings of friendliness, confidence, and energy and it is usually associated with the dance culture.  Users feel ‘loved up’. This relates to the feeling of oneness and empathy that users say they feel for their friends, and strangers, who are around when they are using. Ecstasy heightens perception of colour & sound. Other effects include loss of appetite, stiffening of arms, legs and jaw, rise in heart rate and temperature, some loss of coordination and concentration. It has also made some people feel sick.

DRUG FORM & METHOD OF USE:

Pure Ecstasy is a white crystalline powder known to chemists as MDMA.  Ecstasy sold on the street is usually in tablet form although it's getting more common to see it sold as powder. Es come in all sorts of colours and some of them have pictures or logos stamped into them.  They’re usually swallowed although some people do smoke or snort them. People have been known to take another E when they haven't initially felt the expected ‘high’. The danger then is that both Es kick in and you’ve a double dose to deal with.

HEALTH RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance:

Physical side effects can develop that include: dilated pupils, a tingling feeling, tightening of the jaw muscles, raised body temperature and the heart beats faster.  Short-term effects of use can include anxiety, panic attacks, confused episodes and paranoid or psychotic states.  There’s no way of telling what’s in an E until you've swallowed it. So, there may be negative side effects from other ingredients in the tablet.  E’s can make users feel a bit down after use.  Using Ecstasy has been linked to liver, kidney and heart problems. Anyone using too much can become paranoid and depressed.   This may be attributed to staying awake for 24 hours, which puts your immune system under pressure.  Anyone with a heart condition, blood pressure problems, epilepsy or asthma can have a very dangerous reaction to the drug.  Dependence is psychological. Tolerance develops with time and there is no evidence of physical withdrawal although after effects can include tiredness depression and anxiety

LAW:

Ecstasy is a Class A drug - illegal to have, give away or sell. Possession can get you up to seven years in jail. Supplying someone else, including your friends, can get you life and an unlimited fine.

  1. Once the pill is swallowed, it takes only about 15 minutes for Ecstasy to enter the bloodstream and reach the Brain.
  2. About 45 minutes later, a user experiences Ecstasy's peak level (high).
  3. Ecstasy can interfere with the body's ability to regulate its temperature, which can cause dangerous overheating (Hyperthermia). This, in turn, can lead to serious heart, kidney, or liver problems-or, rarely, death.
  4. Ecstasy can be extremely dangerous in high doses, or when multiple small doses are taken within a short time period to maintain the high. Blood levels of the drug can reach very high levels.
  5. Brain imaging research in humans indicates that Ecstasy may affect Neurons that use Serotonin to communicate with other Neurons. The Serotonin system plays a direct role in regulating mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain.
  6. Ecstasy is not always what it seems. Because Ecstasy is illegal and often produced in makeshift laboratories, it is impossible to know exactly what chemicals were used to produce it and where it came from. How strong or dangerous any illegal drug is varies each time.
  7. Studies on both humans and animals have proven that regular use of Ecstasy produces long-lasting, perhaps permanent damage to the Brain's ability to think and store memories
  8. 4 days of use of the drug effects are experienced up to 7 years later.
  9. Drug giant Merck first patented Ecstasy in 1914.
  10. The extra additives put into an Ecstasy tablet place the user at higher physical risk.
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