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Clonidine

ClonidineSCIENTIFIC TERM:

Chlornidinum; Clonidin; Clonidine HCl; Clonidinhydrochlorid; Clonidinum [INN-Latin]; ST 155BS

STREET NAMES:

Catapres. Clonisin. Catapres. Clonistada. Catapres. Clonodine HCL. Catapres

EFFECTS:

Clonidine decreases the body's release of adrenaline and other hormones that increase blood pressure, heart rate, and anxiety.  It works through the brain to relieve pain.  It has a stabilizing effect in children with attention deficit disorder.  Clonidine may produce side effects that are still considered common yet occur in every form of administration. These include feeling lethargic, dry throat or experiencing changes in the way you taste. Another common side effect is nervousness.

DRUG FORM & METHOD OF USE:

Clonidine is typically available as tablets (Catapres, Dixarit), as a transdermal patch (Catapres-TTS), or as an injectable form to be given epidurally, directly to the central nervous system.

HEALTH RISKS (long term) which includes withdrawal & tolerance:

Clonidine suppresses sympathetic outflow resulting in lower blood pressure, but sudden discontinuation can cause rebound hypertension due to a rebound in sympathetic outflow.  . However, tolerance can develop for the drug and can lead to withdrawl symptoms when taken off the drug. It is usually necessary to continue taking the drug for some time after the condition for which it was prescribed has been cured.

LAW:

Clonidine is only available by prescription.

  1. Clonidine is increasingly used in conjunction with stimulants to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), for which it is administered in late afternoon or evening for sleep, and because it sometimes helps moderate ADHD-associated impulsive and oppositional behaviour, and may reduce tics.
  2. Clonidine can also be used in the treatment of Tourette's Syndrome.
  3. The main use for this medication is to treat high blood pressure.
  4. Clonidine may also be used to ease withdrawal symptoms associated with the long-term use of Narcotics, Alcohol and Smoking.
  5. Clonidine is sometimes known as: Catapres or Dixarit.
  6. Clonidine is effective in the treatment of Depression.
  7. Clonidine works by controlling nerve impulses along certain body nerve pathways
  8. Clonidine has an anesthetic effect.
  9. Clonidine is best known as an antihypertensive agent, but it has also been shown to ease withdrawal from Alcohol and Opiates.
  10. It relaxes and allows expansion of blood vessel walls.
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